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The Naujan Lake is the 5th largest lake in the Philippines. It was declared as a national park on 28th January 1968 by the virtue of Presidential Proclamation No. 335 signed by President Ferdinand E. Marcos, with an area of 21,655 hectares. The park is bordered by the municipalities of Naujan in the north, Victoria in the west, Socorro in the south and Pola in the east, in the province of Oriental Mindoro.

Naujan Lake National Park is home to many species of wildlife, both terrestrial and aquatic. A total of 159 terrestrial vertebrates were recorded, comprising of 105 species of birds, 21 species of mammals, and 33 species of reptiles and amphibians. It also supports the endemic and threatened Philippine Ducks and globally-significant population of Tufted Ducks, as well as other migratory waterbirds such as Terns, Herons, Egrets, Bitterns, Stilts and others. Also recorded in or near the protected area were endemic and threatened birds such as the Mindoro Imperial Pigeon, Mindoro Bleeding-heart Pigeon, Black-hooded Coucal and Mindoro Hornbill. The endemic Philippine Freshwater Crocodile was also discovered here. The lake is also known for its endemic species of goby ("biya"). It also harbors 24 fish species, 11 of which are migratory. The surrounding areas, covered with a mixture of forests, scrubs, and grassland, are vegetated with 443 indigenous and 74 exotic species, many of which are threatened or potentially endangered.


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